With International Women’s Day just around the corner, we thought we’d take the time to shout out a very small selection of the women that have changed our industry and the world. These women – from business leaders to bartenders to bootleggers – changed the way we drink, and we think they don’t get the credit they deserve.
Let’s change that.
Barbe-Nicole Clicquot | 凯歌夫人/巴贝-妮可·克利克
Champagne legend / 香槟传奇
Barbe-Nicole Clicquot was 27 years old when her husband and father to her three year old daughter, heir to a Champagne dynasty, passed away and she defied public opinion to take over the business. It was her that made Veuve Clicquot Champagne (veuve means “widow” in French) the world-renowned brand it is now. She even invented the process of riddling to rid Champagne of yeast, which is still used today.
凯歌夫人在她27岁时，丈夫突然去世，一夜之间，凯歌夫人就成了一名寡妇。凯歌夫人嫁妆丰厚，她本可以带着三岁的女儿安然度过此生，但她违抗舆论接管了这家企业。在凯歌夫人坚定的经营下让 veuve clicquot 香槟酒 (在法语中的意思是 “寡妇”) 成为今日世界知名的品牌，她甚至发明了利用旋转瓶子过程来去除香槟酒酵母，沿用至今。
Her other inventions include the first known vintage and rosé Champagnes. She has been called “the first businesswoman in France, and maybe the first in Europe”. Clicquot and other Champagne widows (more on them later) became so well-regarded that other Champagne houses started adding “Veuve” to their names, even when there was no widow involved at all.
她还有其他发明，包括了解第一批复古和发明玫瑰香槟酒，她被称为 “法国第一位女商人，也可能被称成是欧洲第一位女商人”。克利克和其他在他之后的香槟酒寡妇（文章会提到更多）受到了极大的重视，导致其他香槟酒庄也再始在她们的酒庄名字上加上 “寡妇veuve”，即使酒庄根本没有寡妇参与。
Ada Coleman | 埃达·科尔曼
Bartending trailblazer / 调酒师的开拓者
Given the way that women are killing it in the bar industry in 2019, its hard to believe that there was a time when female mixologists were almost unheard of. Ada Coleman changed that. After mixing her first cocktail in 1899 (a Manhattan, she later recalled in an interview), she eventually worked her way up to Head Bartender at the legendary American Bar, in London’s The Savoy Hotel. She was a legend even in her own time, known to drinkers around the world even beyond her retirement in 1925.
“Moonshine Mary” & Stella Beloumant | 月光玛丽” 和斯特拉·贝卢曼特
Bootleg badasses / 酒水走私贩Bootleg
The Prohibition-era in the U.S. – the period during which a constitutional ban on alcohol was enacted throughout America from 1920 to 1933 – usually conjures up images of mobsters and grizzled policemen. But a handful of enterprising women got in on the act too. Figures like the notorious “Moonshine Mary” Wazeniak, running a speakeasy from her home, and Stella Beloumant, who ran one of Nevada’s largest bootlegging operations and was eventually caught with 820 gallons of illegal booze (the equivalent of 4,140 bottles of wine), flipped gender roles in a world and era where that seldom happened, even if they were on the wrong side of the law.
1920-1933年美国各地颁布宪法禁止饮酒，美国的禁酒令时代，在这个年代私贩酒精，你只会联想到一些暴徒跟头发灰白的警察形象。却没想到，少数有魄力的女性也参与其中。比如臭名昭著的 “月光玛丽，就是瓦泽尼亚克(Wazeniak)，在家里经营的地下酒吧，斯特拉·贝卢曼特而是内华达州的最大的非法酒水供货商，当她被逮补时，现场还有820加仑非法酒水 (相当于 4, 140 瓶葡萄酒)，在这个时代，即使是法律的错误的那端，也还是会发现这类相当与众不同的女性。
Marie-Louise Lanson de Nonancourt | 玛丽-路易丝 诺南古
Visionary of Laurent Perrier / 劳伦特·佩里尔的远见卓识
Another of the “Champagne widows”, Marie-Louise’s husband died during World War I. Years later, in 1938, she decided to gamble her success by leaving her established family firm (Lanson Père et Fils, at the time one of Champagne’s most famous houses) to purchase another house that was on the verge of bankruptcy. The name of that run-down Champagne house? Laurent Perrier. Nonancourt’s dedication turned it into the phenomenal success that it is today, and her descendants – sisters Alexandra Pereyre de Nonancourt and Stéphanie Meneux de Nonancourt – are still on board.
玛丽-路易丝是另一位 “香槟酒寡妇”，她的丈夫在一战中去世，多年后的 1938年，她决定离开自己的老牌家族企业（兰森·佩雷和菲尔斯是当时是最有名气的香槟酒庄之一），并购买了一个濒临颇产边缘的另个老酒庄－劳伦特·佩里(Laurent Perrier)，她的决定造成了惊人的成功，而她的后代－亚历山大·佩雷尔·德诺南古姐妹和斯特凡妮·梅内厄斯·德·诺南古姐妹－仍然在经营这个知名酒庄。
Valentine Goesaert & Anne Davidow | 瓦伦丁·戈萨特及安娜·戴维森
Freedom Fighters / 自由斗士
After Prohibition, alcohol was once again freely consumed – but the laws governing it remained strict, and in some states women were literally barred from tending bars. Valentine Goesaert, a bar owner from Michigan, U.S., set out to change these horrendously discriminatory laws with the help of lawyer Anna Davidow, standing in front of the Supreme Court in 1947. Unfortunately, the court ultimately ruled against the pair. Their influence, however, can’t be understated in the story of gender equality in the bar industry.
Louise Pommery | 露意丝·波默里
Dry Champagne / 干香槟酒
Jeanne Alexandrine Loise Pommery is credited with being pretty much responsible for the taste of the Champagne we love so much. She is credited with inventing the world’s first brut Champagne, i.e. the dry Champagne that we are familiar with nowadays. She did so at the request of another historical important woman – Queen Victoria, a top client of both Veuve Clicquot and Veuve Pommery who had a weakness for the bubbly stuff but wanted something less sweet. To understand how revolutionary that is, think about Champagne today – and think about how often fashion and taste dictates we go for something dry.
最后一个伟大”香槟寡妇”的故事是珍妮·亚历山德林波默里，她被公认最能负责香槟的味道，直至今日，她负责的香槟口味，都受到大家的认可跟喜爱。她发明了世界上第一杯不甜的香槟酒，即我们现在熟悉的干香槟酒。发明的起源来自于历史上另一位重要的女性的要求－维多利亚女王，她是 Veuve Clicquot 和 Veuve Pommery 的顶级客户，因为她想要泡泡的香槟，却不喜欢这么甜腻。想想这是多么革命性的发明，时至今日，我们还是喜好喝些干型葡萄酒都是受其影响所致。
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